Agricultural or farm machinery refers to complex machines and implements used to carry out agricultural operations. Examples include: tractors, bulldozers, shells, dryers and incubators. The most important tool or machine on the farm, which is used to work with many agricultural implements, is a tractor.
Devices of farm machinery are used for growing and harvesting. From time immemorial, people have used these tools to help them grow and harvest. They used agricultural tools to keep the soil loose and sharp for harvesting mature crops. This modification of early tools led to the development of small hand tools used in Russia.
Small gardening, such as hoe, rake, trowel. And large tools have led to the development of large hand tools, such as grass shears, sets of garden tools and secateurs. The most important in modern agriculture is the tractor. It provides many other implements and provides power for the operation of machines pulled by a tractor. Tractors can also be set up to control equipment such as forage harvesters, pumps and generators.
What is farm machinery?
Farm machinery is machinery used in agriculture for agriculture. There are many types of machinery used by farmers – hand tools, power tools such as tractors. This equipment is used in both organic and inorganic agriculture. Now let’s take a closer look at the types, uses and importance of agricultural machinery.
If you are a new farmer who buys other agricultural equipment, sellers will feel the opportunity to sell as many products as possible. They will insist that you buy every product. However, most of these products are insignificant equipment that was important to your work. But if you are not armed with information, how do you know the difference? That is why it is important for you to get acquainted with modern agricultural machines and their use.
List of Modern Farm machinery
- Tractors: There are different types of tractors on the market that differ in size and capacity. The required tractor depends on the size of your work. Tractors are the king of various agricultural machinery. They are the main horse of any modern farm. They provide the power and traction needed to mechanize agricultural tasks. Thanks to the right attachment or agricultural implements, they can be useful in any part of the agricultural process – from field preparation to product distribution.
- Plow: Beginning with primitive agricultural practice, the aplow is agricultural equipment used to turn the soil to bring a fresh layer of soil to the surface. This is a timeless way to prepare the field for the planting process. There are different types of plows: ridge plows, moldedplows, disc plows and rotary plows. Disc plows and moldingplows are designed as excellent general purpose equipment, while rotary plows and ridge plows have more specialized functions.
- Harrows: After plowing, the soil is still too compacted and saturated with soft and hard debris. Harrows are the most important agricultural tool used to break up and loosen the soil, making it even and consistent. This is usually the final part of soil preparation before planting. There are four types of harrows, but the disc harrow is the best type used in agriculture. Here is a blog post about the different types of disc harrows on the market.
- Broadcaster: If you do not work in a small garden, it is better to buy something that will help in the process of sowing and fertilizing. There are separate tools for each, but you may prefer something for general use. Distributing distributors are agricultural implements that can help distribute seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and other products in the field.
- Cultivator: Cultivator equipment is an agricultural device for mixing and grinding the soil before planting or removing weeds, as well as aerating and loosening the soil after growing. It is operated by a tractor and mixes the soil to a greater depth than the harrow (which is not usually driven). Many of them are equipped with hydraulic wings that fold to make it easier and safer to drive on the road. Various devices are used for gardening, but they are very small.
- Multipacker: A multicooker is a piece of agricultural equipment that crushes lumps of dirt, removes air pockets, and presses small pebbles to create a smooth, hard seed bed. The term Cultipacker applies only to conical rollers, while either a smooth or ribbed roller can be referred to as a field roller or roller. Many farmers believe that these conditions are mutually exclusive, but others consider the crest to be a category of field rollers.
- Rotary cutter: It is also called a rotary motor, rotary hoe, power tiller or rotary plow. It is a motorized manufacturer that uses spinning blades for tillage. Rotary cultivators are either self-propelled or follow the tractor as an extension cord.
- Strip-till: Strip-till is the minimum method of soil management. This combines the advantages of drying and heating the soil with traditional tillage with the advantages of protecting the soil without tillage, breaking only that part of the soil that contains the seed line. This tillage is carried out with the help of special tools and gives multiple trips, depending on the tillage tool used and the field conditions. Each row, trimmed with stripes, is usually about 8-10 inches wide.
- Harrows: The harrow technique is used to cultivate the soil surface. In its effect, it differs from the plow, which is used for deeper cultivation. Harrowing is often achieved by plowing in the fields to meet the rough end. The main purpose of this harrowing is to break up lumps of soil and provide a finer tillage, good soil structure, ideal for sowing and planting. Harrowing can be used after sowing to kill weeds and cover crops. There are three main types of harrows: wheel harrows, tractors and disc harrows.
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The importance of farm machinery
- The introduction of high-tech equipment has reduced labor activity.
- It helps them produce the right kind of goods in the right quantities, as opposed to traditional days when people and horses were overused.
- Keep a complete record of the field work performed by the various machines and the number of working days available for critical field operations. Knowing the average power of machines and the number of working days, you can do more efficient work on the choice of equipment.
- This reduced the time of agriculture due to sufficient work done on time.
- In terms of value, it helps farmers and corporate companies save capital and labor.
- To expand operations, farmers can invest in machinery and its maintenance instead of paying wages to workers, speeding up production.
- Agricultural machinery improves the quality of goods and stimulates the production of agricultural and food products on the market.
Agricultural machinery used for fertilizer application and pest control
- Manure spreader: A manure spreader also known as a mud spreader or a honey wagon is an agricultural tool used as a fertilizer to spread manure on a field. Manure spreaders began as ground devices that a horse or group of horses pulled out.
- Manure tank: this is a vehicle with a tank and a pump that can be used to fertilize fields with a suspension (combination of manure and water). If we fertilize the fields, at the end of the season we get more plants.
- Sprayer: A sprayer is a device used to apply herbicides, pesticides and fertilizers to crops. The size of the sprayers varies from portable units (typical backpacks with a spray) to tractor self-propelled units.
Types of agricultural machinery used for irrigation
Irrigation equipment: Varieties of irrigation equipment are used for irrigation, depending on the financial capacity of the farm operator and the suitability of the method according to water sources.
Fire-spray system: The system of fire-spray machines is an effective form of fire protection, which consists of water supply to the network, ensuring proper pressure and flow rate to the water supply pipeline connected to fire sprays.
Central watering: Irrigation is usually the artificial transfer of water to the soil to help grow crops. It is mainly used for growing crops in dry areas and in the absence of precipitation, but to protect crops from frost. Irrigation is the opposite drainage procedure, which is a natural or artificial removal from a certain area of surface and subsurface water.