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Steps towards protecting your farm from pests

Steps towards protecting your farm from pests
Written by Scholarshipfarm

Some measures help in protecting your farm from pests. Natural pest control prevents problems with pests and plant diseases, as well as prevents harmful chemicals from entering our body and the environment.  It also avoids the problems of chemical dependence and resistance to pesticides. 

   Even if you are ready to use pesticides, it is still important to know whether the pests are harming your crops, how much damage has been done, and whether the creatures in the fields are already controlling the pest.  Then you can decide when and when to use chemicals and what types to use.

  The Agrotechnical Method

  The agrotechnical method has a preventive character.  First you need to study the composition of the soil and determine its quality: nutrition, duration of use, groundwater level, acidity and more.  There are other necessary actions: timely fertilization and loosening of the soil, cleaning of plant remains from the fields.

  And it is very important to constantly monitor the condition of their fields.  An appropriate response to a threat is the best crop protection.  Here is what our platform offers.  Continuous monitoring of fields with vegetation indices will allow you to identify and locate the area attacked by pests as soon as this happens.  Immediate response to the threat will save your plants and money.

  Disease management

  There is a wide range of measures to protect against disease:  use of chemicals;  planting disease-resistant varieties;  introduction of quarantine for infected plants;  constant monitoring and forecasting of plant conditions;  heat treatment of plants;  crop rotation;  deep plowing;  incineration of residues after harvest.

  Many viral plant diseases are transmitted by insects;  therefore, the fight against insects is directly related to the fight against disease.

  Crop monitoring will help predict and prevent plant diseases by analyzing temperature, precipitation, humidity and soil.  But if the disease still begins to develop, you will be able to identify the affected areas in time and localize them to prevent further spread of the disease.

  Implementing crop protection services is much more effective than solving the problem.  Preventive measures will save you effort and money.  The crop monitoring system allows you to control the most important parameters of health and weather conditions.  In this way, you can create individual plans for your fieldwork, anticipate potential risks, and develop precautions for adverse scenarios.  We will help you protect your plants.

  Control methods

  Pests, weeds and diseases (pests) pose a serious risk to primary producers as they can affect market access and agricultural production.  Pest control is best achieved through an Integrated Pest Management Plan using a range of biological, chemical, mechanical, physical or cultural control methods.

  To reduce the impact of pests, the Department of Primary Industry and Regional Development:  cooperates with landowners and producers / communities / biosecurity groups on control issues, provides diagnostic services and information on prevention, management and treatment, provides biosecurity measures to prevent the introduction and destruction or control of existing pest.This article contains the booklet “1080 information about the landowner” and contains a general description of the obligations of the landowner in accordance with the Code of Security Practices

   Pests, plant diseases and weeds can pose a serious threat to crops.  Chemical companies say the only way out is to spray regularly with pesticides.  But chemicals can cause more problems than they solve.  Sustainable agriculture works with nature to maintain the balance of crops, pests, diseases, weeds and soil life.  This is called natural pest control or integrated pest management (IPM).

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Protecting your farm from pests

   Build a healthy soil.  Healthy soil is home to friendly insects and helps prevent many plant diseases.  Ask farmers or seed expansion agents to make sure the remedies you choose are resistant to common pests and diseases.  Planting crops too close to each other limits sunlight and the air that falls on the leaves and allows diseases to thrive.

 But planting crops at a distance from each other leaves room for weeds dries out the soil and can reduce yields.  Experiment to see which interval is best for each crop.  Plant at the right time.  Pests and diseases often respond to the weather, such as the first rains or the first warm day.  Observing the growth of each crop and talking to other farmers about these patterns can help you determine the best time to plant.  Planting earlier than usual can make sure that the crop is large enough to withstand pests or diseases that come at a certain time.  Planting later can kill most pests or diseases due to lack of food.

   Plant a variety of crops and change crop patterns.  Large areas with only one plant species attract pests that like this plant.  Water from below.  Watering from above can cause plants to get soil-dwelling diseases.  And wet leaves and stems are good places for disease.  Using drip irrigation or flood irrigation can keep plant leaves and stems healthy.

Protecting your farm from pests

   Insects that feed on plants are a normal part of agriculture.  They do not harm crops as long as they are in balance with other insect species, especially those that eat pests.   Inspect your crops regularly.  This will help you understand when to allow friendly insects to do their job and when you may need to spray with natural pesticides or use other pest control methods.  When looking for pests and diseases, ask questions such as:

   Sometimes the easiest insects to see protect plants by eating pests.  Or the plant may be in a growth stage where it can withstand some pest damage and stay healthy.   Worms are important for healthy soil.  Bees, spiders and most insects that live in water (for example, in rice fields) are friends and help fight pests.  Also, small wasps or flies with long thin tubes on their backs are likely to be friends.  It is best to leave insect friends alone so they can help your harvest.

   Once you know how the pest damages crops, you can use natural pesticides made for this type of pest.   Once you know when a pest appears and how it relates to your environment, you can use physical methods to control pests.  The answers to these questions can help you learn how to fight the pest: Where does it come from?  When does it harm crops?  Does it appear in one form and then change to another (for example, caterpillars turn into moths and butterflies)?  Is it food for birds, other insects or field creatures?

   Spray with natural pesticides

   Natural pesticides prevent crop damage with far less harm to humans and the environment than chemical sprays.  They are easy to make and cheaper than chemicals.   But even natural pesticides need to be used with caution.  Never use more than you need.  Always wash your hands after working with them.  Always wash food before eating or selling.  A natural pesticide may work well in some conditions, but not in others.  If one type doesn’t work, try other types.

   Natural pesticides for plant-eating insects

   Collect the plant you want to use, let it dry and grind the dried plant into a powder.  Soak the powder in water overnight (1 handful of powder per 1 liter of water).  Pour the mixture through a mesh or cloth to remove solid particles. Add a little mild soap to make the pesticide stick to the plants.  Spray or sprinkle with a mixture of plants.  First, test the mixture on 1 or 2 plants.  If it seems to be harming the plants, it may be too much.  Add more water and test it until it looks good.  Repeat as needed, and after the rain.

   Other natural pesticides

   Urine diluted in water and sprayed on plants kills pests.  Mix 1 cup of urine with 10 cups of water.  Leave it in a closed container for 10 days.  After 10 days, spray the mixture on your crops.

   Tobacco kills many pests.  Boil 1 cup of tobacco leaves or cigarette butt in 5 liters of water.  Strain the leaves or cigarette butts, add a little soap and spray it on the plants.  Do not use tobacco for tomatoes, potatoes, peppers and eggplant.  This will damage these plants and will not kill most of the pests that attack them.

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